Buying a Used Car
Buying a used car can be a tricky process to navigate because no two used cars are the same. Each car has it’s unique history which can either work in your favor or become your biggest nightmare. In addition to the steps required to get a good deal on a new car, when buying a used vehicle there are additional steps you must be aware of. We will also review the top used car sites like RydeShopper, TrueCar and Cars.com.
One of the most important steps is to make sure to run a used car history report in addition to having a certified mechanic inspect the car on a lift. Why should you spend your hard earned money on a mechanic? It’s better to pay for a mechanic now than spend thousands on repairs later.
In This Chapter:
1. Find the Right Used Car for You
This step may seem obvious but you shouldn’t just go out to used car dealerships and start the shopping process. First you should search the online used car classifieds. Go to the local newspaper websites to view the automotive classifieds to view ads for cars that are close to you. However, to get the largest selection we recommend that you use the larger sites with thousands of listings like the ones mentioned below.
2. Investigating the Car’s History
This is the most important tip to follow when buying a used car. Whatever you do, you should never buy a car without first verifying what you are buying by running a history report. I get a ton of emails from people that ended up buying a used car and later finding out it had been wrecked. There are body shops that are professionals at making a car look good. It can happen to anybody. If the VIN isn’t clearly listed in the ad and the seller won’t give it to you then move on to the next car. They are most likely trying to hide something. Since you are normally buying a used car “As Is,” you will want to know about any problems before the purchase.
3. Financing a Used Car
Financing is handled differently depending on whether you are purchasing from a dealership or a private party. Either way, most banks will not give you a loan for a car older than 4 or 5 years. In general, you will pay at least 2% higher APR for a used car than you would on a new car loan but you can offset this by using an online lender that specialized in financing used cars such as the ones we recommend. Try to have your credit score over 680 because you will be considered a prime borrower and get the lowest possible APR. If your credit is really bad you might want to try and repair it before you buy a car.
4. Negotiating Like a Pro
Out of all the steps to buying a used car, the one-on-one negotiation is the most daunting! You need to use all of the available information to your advantage to drive the price down. Before you begin negotiating, invest the time to do all of the research we recommend. Since there is so much to learn about negotiating, we have written a full page of advice for you.
5. Closing the Deal
Now that your price negotiating is complete, it is time finalize the transaction. You should never pay cash because if something goes wrong you may have trouble getting your money back. Besides, carrying around large sums of cash is dangerous. You should pay with a credit card if possible or a check of some type (personal, official check, etc.). With a credit card or check you have a paper trail and some recourse available if something goes wrong.
One of the trickiest things to deal with when finalizing the purchase of a used car is when the seller still owes money on it. This should only occur when you are buying from a private party. The lender is holding the title and you must make arrangements with them to have the note paid off and the title transferred to you.
6. Get an Extended Warranty to Protect Your Purchase
If you buy a used car that is no longer covered by the manufactures warranty, you are at risk for expensive repairs. That’s why CarBuyingTips.com recommends that you get an extended warranty any time you are in this situation. In our extended warranty section, we review high quality warranty sites like CARCHEX. They offer extended warranties at much lower prices than you will find at dealerships. If you buy a 3 or 4 year old used car, chances are that the manufacturer’s warranty has expired and you will be liable for the repair costs. Don’t be fooled by high mileage “powertrain” warranties as these do not cover most common problems. Do your research to determine what is actually covered by the manufacturer and what isn’t.
If you bought your car from a private seller it will always be “As Is”. I don’t think you really have any choice in this case and you must buy an extended warranty or you are taking too much risk.
7. Bonus Tips
Used Cars from Rental Companies
There are a few things to consider when thinking about buying a former rental car. The companies do usually follow the recommended maintenance so the key components like the engine are probably in better condition than cars owned by private people. Cosmetically you may find more minor scrapes and dings especially around the trunk since people don’t seem to be able to lift their luggage. The rental companies tend to take cars out of service after a year or two so you will be getting a relatively new car that has been well maintained. Since they don’t want to deal with negotiating, they will typically have “no haggle” pricing. If you don’t want to deal with negotiating but want a good car at a decent price, this option may be the one for you.
Used Car Myth: “A car sold by a big dealer has got to be ok!”
No matter where you buy, you have to perform your due diligence. We’ve seen certified pre-owned luxury cars that have been previously wrecked or have other problems. A totaled car was sold as “certified” by a Mercedes-Benz dealer. The dealers like to advertise things like 175 point inspections but in reality these don’t mean much and they really don’t do much to recondition the cars other than normal detailing. Please do the proper background check on any used car and get a VinHistory report.
Don’t Rely on a Used Car Lemon Law!
Lemon laws are generally written to protect new car buyers. Most states don’t have lemon laws for used cars. Since these laws vary, check the web site for your state’s Attorney General to see what might apply.